Stefan Hayden

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Javascript Event onJSReady Fires When All JS Files Have Loaded

Update: jdalton has what looks like a great improvement on my attempt below. Read below to learn about the problem but look at jdalton’s script to see what is now the current best way to implement a solution.

Update (August 5th, 2008): There was an update to the JavaScript below to better handle IE firing off the ready state.

Warning!: Due to a Prototype bug This code is not reliable in any version of IE. This bug is expected to be fixed in Prototype 1.6.0.3.


So the YUI blog had a great post on how javascript blocks downloads and makes the page take longer to load. This is because any JS file can modify the DOM and so the DOM can’t be ready until all JS files have loaded.

Flugpo uses Prototype and not YUI and so to get the speed benefits I needed to build my own Bells and whistles. The problem is that once you load the JS files asynchronously any onDOMReady function will fire before all the JS files download. This is a problem for any inline function calls that have dependencies on other JS files.

Using the Prototype based onDOMReady extension I have created an onJSReady function that checks that all JS files have been loaded. The function needs to know 2 things. How many JS files there are and how many have currently been loaded. When those two number match the even fires and runs any code that is waiting.


/**
 * A modified version of Stefan Hayden's onJSReady Prototype plugin. 
 * http://www.stefanhayden.com/blog/2008/07/29/javascript-event-onjsready-fires-when-all-js-files-have-loaded/
 *
 * @author John-David Dalton 
 * @usage
 *   Prototype.include(['test1.js','test2.js','test3.js']); // array
 *   Prototype.include('test1.js', 'test2.js', 'test3.js'); // separate arguments OR
 *   Prototype.include('test1.js,test2.js,test3.js');       // comma separated string OR 
 *
 *   document.observe('scripts:loaded', function(){ dependent_on_external_js() });
 */
Prototype.include = Object.extend(
  function() {
    var callee = arguments.callee,
     head = document.getElementsByTagName('HEAD')[0],
     args = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments, 0);

    args._each(function(files) {
      if (Object.isString(files))
        files = files.split(',');
      
      callee.total += files.length;
      files._each(function(file) {
        head.appendChild(
          new Element('script', { type: 'text/javascript', src: file.strip() })
        )
        .observe('readystatechange', function () {
          if (!this.loaded && /^(loaded|complete)$/.test(this.readyState)) {
            this.loaded = true;
            callee.downloaded++;
          }
        })
        .observe('load', function () {
          if (this.loaded) return;
          this.loaded = true;
          callee.downloaded++;
        }); // end observers
      }); // end files _each 
    }); // end args _each
  }, 
  {
    total: 0,
    downloaded: 0
  }
);

(function() {
  var timer;
  function ready() {
    if (arguments.callee.done) return;
    clearInterval(timer);
    arguments.callee.done = true;
    document.fire('scripts:loaded');
  }
  
  timer = setInterval(function() {
    var i = Prototype.include;
    if (i.total && i.downloaded === i.total) ready();
  }, 10);
})();


This is old... ignore this.
window.Total_JS_Files;
window.Downloaded_JS_Files = 0;

function include_js(files) {
	var js=new Array();
	window.Total_JS_Files = files.length;
	
	for(var i=0; i < files.length; i++) { 
		
	    var html_doc = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
	    js[i] = document.createElement('script');
	    js[i].setAttribute('type', 'text/javascript');
	    js[i].setAttribute('src', files[i]);
	    html_doc.appendChild(js[i]);
	
	    js[i].onreadystatechange = function () {
	        if (js[i].readyState == 'complete') {
	            //alert('JS onreadystate fired ');
	            window.Downloaded_JS_Files += 1;
	        }
	    }
	
	    js[i].onload = function () {
	        //alert('JS onload fired ');
	            window.Downloaded_JS_Files += 1;
	    }
    }
    return false;
}//include_js


Object.extend(Event, {
  timeout : function() {
	alert('asd');
  },
  jsReady : function() {
  
    if (arguments.callee.done) {return;}
    arguments.callee.done = true;
		
	Event._NreadyCallbacks.each(function(f) { f(); });
	Event._NreadyCallbacks = null;
		
  },
  onJSReady : function(f) {
    if (!this._NreadyCallbacks) {
      var jsReady = this.jsReady;
      
      if (jsReady.done) {return f();} 
        
		function jsTest() {
			if(window.Downloaded_JS_Files == window.Total_JS_Files) { 
				//setTimeout(jsReady,1);
				jsReady();
			}
			Event._Ntimer = setTimeout(jsTest,1); 
		}
		Event._Ntimer = setTimeout(jsTest,10); 
        
        //Event.observe(window, 'load', jsReady);
        Event._NreadyCallbacks =  [];
    }
    Event._NreadyCallbacks.push(f);
  }
});
  

To implement this the only JS that needs to load is prototype and these two functions above. Then you just need to load the URLs for the JS files and fire off the include_js function.


var js_paths = new Array;
js_paths[js_paths.length] = '/path/to/js/one.js';
js_paths[js_paths.length] = '/path/to/js/two.js';
js_paths[js_paths.length] = '/path/to/js/three.js';

include_js(js_paths);
Prototype.include(js_paths);

Once all of the JS files have loaded then just like onDOMReady the onJSReady code will fire.


Event.onJSReady(function () { dependent_on_external_js(); });
 document.observe('scripts:loaded', function(){ dependent_on_external_js() });
 
4 Comments
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[…] post a few days ago on parallelizing JavaScript loading and firing an event when loading is done, Stefan Hayden wrote a Prototype extension (based on onDOMReady) that makes it easy for you to execute your code when all JavaScript is […]

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Hi
Your code has an error on this line:
if (js[i].readyState == \’complete\’) {

js[i] will always reference the last script, this is the typical catch. You can either use closures or better replace js[i] for \’this\’.

Cheers

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[…] Javascript Event onJSReady Fires When All JS Files Have Loaded […]

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[…] post a few days ago on parallelizing JavaScript loading and firing an event when loading is done, Stefan Hayden wrote a Prototype extension (based on onDOMReady) that makes it easy for you to execute your code when all JavaScript is […]

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